Serbia (including Yugoslavia and Serbia & Montenegro) celebrated their highest moment ever with gold at the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games, after a bronze at Atlanta 1996 (both under coach Zoran Gajic who is currently president of the Serbian Volleyball Federation), though they failed to qualify to the Rio 2016 Games for the first time in a quarter of a century.
Serbia made it through to the medals round of the 2018 FIVB World Championship, but fell to Brazil in the semifinals and then to USA in the bronze medal match. They were taking part in the competition for the 10th time, having previously won a silver medal in 1998, when they lost to Italy in the final in Tokyo. They also picked up a bronze medal in 2010, after beating Italy 3-1 in the third-place playoff.
Serbia have been crowned European champions twice, in 2001 and 2011. In the latest edition of the European Championship they won their eighth bronze in the history of the competition, defeating Belgium in five sets in the third-place playoff.
After five silver medals, Serbia finally made World League history in 2016, winning their first gold medal in the competition with a straight-set win over Brazil in the final at Krakow's Tauron Arena.
Serbia are one of the core teams in the FIVB Volleyball Nations League. In the inaugural edition, in 2018, they finished pool play in fourth position on an 11-4 record to make the finals in Lille. However, they failed to make the medals round.