Including their years competing as the Soviet Union, Russia are the most successful in the history of women's volleyball. They won Olympic gold in the Mexico City 1968, Munich 1972, Moscow 1980 and Seoul 1988 Games, and have also won the FIVB World Championship seven times and the European Championship 18 times. In addition to this success, the team triumphed in the 1973 FIVB World Cup and the 1997 FIVB Grand Champions Cup.
Russia's more recent form has not quite matched their historic success. They only managed a 5th place finish at the 2014 World Championship and dropped to 8th in the 2018 edition. They were knocked out by Serbia in the quarterfinals of the Rio 2016 Olympic Games.
Russia have won three FIVB World Grand Prix titles, but not in the last 14 years before the competition wound down in 2017. Their titles were won in 1997, 1999 and 2002. With a total of three gold, six silver and four bronze medals, Russia were the third most successful team in the history of the competition.
Russia failed to make the Final Six of the inaugural FIVB Volleyball Nations League, completing pool play with an 8-7 record and eventually ranking 8th overall.