The Dominican Republic's greatest success on the global stage was taking bronze at the 2009 FIVB Grand Champions Cup in Japan. They have also participated in the Athens 2004 and London 2012 Olympic Games, finishing fifth place at the latter. They have competed in FIVB World Championship on seven occasions, as well as at the FIVB World Cup four times.
At the 2014 World Championship, they tied in fifth place with Russia after reaching the third round and narrowly missing out on the medals matches. They were the Pan American Games gold medallists in 2003 and more recently bronze medallists in the latest edition in 2015. They were also NORCECA champions in 2009.
The team have competed in every FIVB World Grand Prix since 2004. Their best ranking remains eighth place, which occurred in both 2006 and 2010. In 2015, they finished winless at the bottom of Group 1 and were relegated. They were promoted straight away the following year after beating Poland 3-2 in the Group 2 final.