After five silver medals, Serbia finally made history in 2016, winning their first FIVB World League gold medal with a straight-sets win over Brazil in the final at Krakow's Tauron Arena. They failed to repeat the feat in 2017, bowing out after the final round of pool play.
Between 2003 and 2015, Serbia appeared in five World League finals, losing on each occasion. In 2003, 2005 (both times participating as Serbia and Montenegro) and 2009, their tormentors were Brazil, while in 2008 the United States beat them 3-1, before France ended their hopes at the final stage in 2015.
Several standout players earned individual awards during this era, including Ivan Miljkovic, who remains the only player to be named the World League's MVP four times. Serbia won gold at the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games, after a bronze at Atlanta 1996, but failed to qualify to the Rio 2016 Games for the first time in a quarter of a century.
A gold at the FIVB World Championship still eludes Serbia, although they have won a silver medal in 1998 and a bronze in 2010. However, they are not short of continental success, having been crowned European champions twice, in 2001 and 2011.