Bulgaria competed in the first Olympic Games in Tokyo In 1964, where they finished fifth. They claimed the silver medal at the Moscow 1980 Games and came joint fifth again at Beijing 2008, before securing a fourth place finish at London 2012.
In their first World Championship appearance in 1949, Bulgaria won the bronze medal. This feat was repeated in 1952, before topping this achievement with a silver medal in 1970. They have won two more bronze medals in 1986 and 2006. In addition to this success, they have their sole bronze at the 2007 FIVB World Cup, as well as four bronze and one silver at the European Championship.
Historically, Bulgaria have a strong track record and they have been regular participants in the World League since 1994, when they finished fourth - a position they have since held four more times.
After dropping to World League Group 2 for the 2015 season, Bulgaria took advantage of the expansion of Group 1 to return to the top tier in 2016, finishing eleventh overall that year and ninth with a 4-5 record in 2017.